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»V v * '# **?~ —^ VOL. IV.—NO. 36. ROCHESTER, N. Y„ THURSDAY, AUGUST 28, 1851. WHOLE NO. 192. ... FREDERICK DOUGLASS' PAPER. and also for the „ ' Thompson, Esq., M. large hall eof v., ■l.-.m llillg I abnlitioi the United ■i y much crowded on the oc- Geoge Thompson, Esq., M.P.; Sir Francis Xnowles, Ban.; the RevJJabe/ Burn?. P.M.: Mathews, And and a numbei , whirl, !„■ K-lillOil to tfa . ■ ton, Esq., of Glasgow, ir gentlemen, ardent placed, thai lit; Celt almost v, with Shakspearc, ".Mv "lightlyouilsthn.no." The dered, was a groat exhibition. while :K tin.: siimi- time it was a pleasurable exhibit ion, and he was promt of the metropolis of England, which could call forth so en thusiastic' sucli as the present. i. Mai ,vith thai aboi, Thei Mr. William \ •lave. The Chair; ngs, remarki lad of late b wery variety of subject, yet that the subject they were called upon that evening to discuss differed from them all. Many of those by whom he was surrounded, like himself, had •laverv and were in consequence exiled from , ere fugitives ,nd they had 'not fled from a mon- i from amongst a people who declared, as a part of their creed, o declared, i .,11 were b i the country. (Hi tear.) He must not, however, forget t one of the purposes for which they were i to-night, was to commemorate the em Parliament, and he might add in this c with neeuliar emDhasis, of the British nati enfranchised 800,000 West led •laves, was an event sublirm " comprehensive and mighty in take effect < beyond express and encouraging beyond the 1 and jui immediate the hearts of all e tion. But the abolition of shivery ii e= was a blow struck in the dh'-tinri at that most inhuman of all tr the slave trade—a trade which would i .lavery chandiso; where there -would bea supply; whore there nup the the Niagara r <lueed in that I !,".■■■ under tho British crc t come to the abolished slan hilo the eoloiih lOUClus n the West .ame foi tes if she had had th. safely sav chat the separation of thi ■ States from the mother country wa: the least) a great uusiomino to one land had set a noble example and he would to Heaven that would follow tho example. The supei that too, so high, that lantern of Diogenes iU wings the groans : of this guilt. Nearly the seal of disapprol wTblus ,S0K ... ... . :ieir superior hill-top, ;Dld world brought up cries Of tho victir . countries had fixed . What tueky, and end. (. 1 i . tl 11"--] .11.pi:-: ,r distant from that. an.I I Mr. i applause . lie hold i scorned, and the hunted . i through t . docti ;ny plac Inch' he had no object in view out to stir u] : feeling against the keeping oi rhest millions one hundred and eighty-nini md slaves who were unjustly held ii go. Several of his meetings and pro ■rjf hail been noticed in some of thi ethes Mr. G. Thompson.— Kcho the pros-; histiniL state of t would tho isted in this country calling le attacks.—(Ob vhat he had found out from - lb,- Urilish iiiid Forrign -Where is Scoble? g that subject, "he would refer the city of Boston, he found it i: greatest c t attack it, or t it the whole7 c japed had, s aken himsel is support, and his wife was a wo horn, ho would only say that there brnacdo that evening, in the finest saloons ' the Wont-end. a lady who could then w,t I char whom t, for the purpose. States. ■ : ■ sought out .lliam Loytl Garrison, than win other country. He was in conseq of the abolition oi the slave was h< ton, at which, he attended, and called to give an expression again; duct which these two persons had rupted, but tho interruption did badness of their cause. The it was not at all wonderful ilia the outbreak which was so graphically described in the newspapers of this ■■■-"■■" uring the other eight Ho did not labor i p.-ople, whi.-h he bait l„- bad : would j the interest particularly entsof tho Tower llamleis ill way was to do anything ea, lie had labored for wha be thebenoRt of the world i was glad to think that he b torious. (Cheers.) He hat again to this country, ho had addressed hit constituents on the subject, and they, so fai he had seen them, laid applauded tin efforts ho li . . The Thrc 'heodore 1 : Nichols. THE HIGHER LAW. table Dis, irds of S publis 1, /.-*'" r d by Crosby on another safeguard of portaut. We have been ^an act of the American w how this doctrine of he lower law has been laces of tlie State, in the church, and in the low .. You know with what igion, and said,' The law wn the justice of tho AI- i French Assembly, filed. Iti: of God. ' He h; i nothing to do with le is one of the foulest ■ P .isclosing the a only gt ! ,, : wingthrough he in'oheml. I speculat droiiillu! thing, the stark denial n the Universe, inprovidence only God for all, no Father for any, only guishable nothing that fills the des:- imitahle either of space and time, « and whither of all that are,—such conceivable: but I do not believe single atheist living on the whole ■Id. There is no L'Oneral danger of When telescope, though he real God of nature, : gnatioi 1 pi vt-i-v eoumioii thing in America, in New K; land. This is not S God and •emo ru e people, of tho Uni groal man to it; the dev; . trod ilnoi pre mo ruler e, o the devil of ambi the httle. Both e of a god, and n higher law.' Tl f this land, wil said,' The Nori ?ry high'; tho Blue Kidg 1 i 1 tl i I .tical morality, and seem n 3r who buys cheapest and : 1 confess I am amazed w ret the lessons of thoso g i prayer.' North Mi .Vhat ! is there no law abov Why, t ■ obi Hebrew poet told us of One' which lemoveth the mountains, and they know not; whicr overturned them in his anger; which alem sprcadeth out the heavens, and treadeth unoi the waves of tho soa ! Lo ! he goeth by ami I sio him not; he passeth on ;' above the Allegha: rotild grow. Shall the fool sav it bore is no God? He cannot uiak. w on his head but by the etorna rather in heaven. Will the poli there is no law of God for states ■rowing world: let Austria and Hun a reply. Nay, ask the .Smtheri tmerica to show us their rapid in riches, in civilization: to show lids and their scholars, their litem Righteousness exalteth a nation, a curse to any people.' Lot the tid of the South join with tho wicked hand, iniquity shall not But the eve of the wicked shall mgues and their doings are again-1 the l...r. 3 provoke the eyes of his glory. Their ro. iiall be as rottenness and their blossom sha o up as dust, if they cast away the law ( 10 Lord, and despise the word of the Hoi fthe land. On'the whole, the'j The execution orld ta.ehed M law: i in tho world is thei is the people tho Fugitive Slave Law as they have i hati'il ■ui', law since the Stamp Act. I 1 t,—who would have invented slavery hi M existed lose before. But the ms^o Northern people hate this law, bocause " purpose of all just human ostilo hostile 'to the 1; ' lie to ' .da th. vidual life; because it of God—bids the wroi We disobey that for 1 theTOlaw°of°God.Waw t thai law iblo three hundred soil. Most ntegrity of fifteen mUlio of the human heart and F Christianity, for that What shall we do pretend to build a church rgain. * * " the ruck of ages, C right; but to disobev every- ong. 1 entreat you "by youi unlrv, by ihe memory of youi id holy love of Hod wind ;, by yoi vfeel. FIRST OF AUGUST IN M\\ BEDFORD. " ' irly sounded the btisj rata well .dilre-sed he times, aigge-.tetl by what ids eyes had seen and Its such an occasion as the present was cal- ,1ated to hasten. The weather was now too unfavorable for t-ther speaking, ami tlie friends were invited repair to tho"tables, where, while refresh- g the physical man, their mental appetites ight be excited for tho evening 'feast of The precession bavin;' re-formed, maiehe.l The interval between thil g bright In the evening, City Hall was crowded by izens generally, who gave close at« id hearty applause to tho several spei again, and wi Tho ii devoted i'reedo: and profitable . He iletailed i i colored men, i expected, had 1 be appropriately ) way fora scathing cheme of coloniza- much feared, have ( . it opposed a man's elevation his birth, proffered unnumbe: I nd ero long tl -, haiiii-ma..i. ; ■ ights, so long withheld, -ed, and thev and the n a jubilee of freedom. 1-, of Boston, gratified ispicious day. He alluded to then .hh-li 1 He took a ase, and its inn ure, upon the fugiti i Bay State and Ne Siiail'-neii and concluded by He was followed by inLted iheii 'riends separated, again t cceptable garlands, hung on Auioiiff the civilities e-steiidei ie day was an invitation to the gangers to visit tlie splendid t ruamental grounds of James . iniinoss and courtesy in e\hibi' mold. Esq, Boston, August, 1851. SLAVERY AND THE CAPTURE OF WASHUVQTON n this yoar for a ger itish West India Emt i ;ihii, Inn vho humbleth himself t< i thought of a pci.ph their liberty^ their^ humanity, and clieeriiig.) Mr. Thompson concludad . -lavery nt tof theGosDel. by ) No ■iage, ,-wrvitimg done to Keep e slave in darkness. Tliere the part of the people of the And n Bill. The n if slavehokling. but It, he was not satis f without their ahar isfied with letting l word ii 'erympM* ipublic, boasting itself t< ,-,,-rted tie- light formerly enjoyed by tho fugitive of trial by jury—it annulled his claim to the writ of habeas corpus^—it affoH"'1 '■ teetion. i." opjii.i-tuihiv to be free, and it pUce- whole population of the free states into a band of slave-catchers, and every rood of territory is hut so much hunting' ground, over ■which they might chase the fugitive. But while they were speaking of slavery in the United States, they must not omit to mention that there was a strong feeling m thai land, not only against the fugitive >Slave Law, but also against the existenco of slavery in any form. There was a band of tearless men and women in the city of Boston, whose labor for tho slave had resulted in good beyond calculation. This noble and heroic agitation, until their principles have taken and which, with God's blessing, will, in due liable system highly conde An appeal and the won k.ti-H rSoa;ie seconded by set forth, i'h e people of Gn: next proposed b i the United S In ra.sed lie- ■ millions of persons intheUnitodS itill increasing unless the u. ■onlinually held the guilt what they have hear.) He wishe up before tho country, that states are as deeply implicate, of slavery as the south. The north 1 had a popul the north 1 hoiwe, the south only 81, and it would 1 »oen by this, that tho balance of power wi with the free States. Looking, thereto,- at the question in all its aspects, he was sui " Tbis; appeal was unanimously agreed i and in the course of Irs being so. a r..ll,rli. was made in the meeting on behalf of f Mr. Robert Smith next proposed a resol tion to tho effect, that tho mo^imL'liad heal with much pleasuro and satisfaction, t efforts which Mr. Win Lloyd Harrison * making in America for the emancipation shiverv in those staler, and earnestly pray that bis efforts would in tho end be attend Thi* resolution was seconded by Mr. lSn.nl.-. and cordially agreed to. On the proceedings being about 1 the things .a, One who hath scales j before whom ; little thing. Yes, r thou hadstformed alone is excellent; thy glory abo\ It would be a great calamity for tin ' id on. But, i would all bo r. Ired and fifty yean. England lost hers it far of the R, . Nature bor largely represented; and i Chesapeake evinc ingfam,thePresid the regular force the British vith Great Britain, may He immediately marched back ■ principal part of his force, leaving we believe, to remain on the spot Themau™ wanted. Finding, however, in a few days, nil the forces with which ho had returned. ere sufficient to overawe the s" s dare not !i..',,;n withdraw tin ■awo the. o finally si ivacheij riie y oforo Slated, tiiiiti len of the day, in deeming the Imt.l.e of Bladensbut to be of an indecisive character, and in considering that a small additional force would made a successful stand, were well founded, who need doubt that had the Virginia Brigade, which had thus been recalled and kept . . ■ the Nat nal Capitol saved f ignificant and instruct BEAUTIES OF SLAVERY. Mr. Rust came before the Polic suppose the sum awarded will go to the mas 'ie being in law the ono pecuuiaril ig-cd" by the h-.msaeiion.—Buffalo Adt ugitiv inhuman labor," during life, under But the Fugiti, nd the alb brutal ma lowing testimony, he did Robert Jones, (colored man)sworn. Is head ok on Buckeye State ; hatchway he had nothing in Ins hand :;;.. . When the colored i e had nothii: ent in; Gates told n no of my men; I sai inner; I passed in. nd time and told mi kitchen when I ild Daniel, the alleged estops that they " ' ' He obeyed in ii go up .as tho ,, *nd thet lie had got up with his iioaii just clear f going up for the cooks except that ' d through the cabin, a wa When struck. Daniel ie Tho other way led through the c had got out of the door ■ ■ I : ... . lo ns that bo had a wan did not know h ; had nothing to do with nothing in his hand; he had. Whenwedrs he had nothing in his i the boon of liberty fro City Hall during the formation of the procession. Escort was furnished by a colored military company of cadets from New York. After tho barouche containing the orators and chaplain, allowed several societies: The Union Club—a body of citizens—a fraternity of seamen—the Good Samaritan Lodge, with Branches of Masonic ami other bodies from their banner—Sons of Freedom attracted the smiling am! hapnv faces of school children. This with evergr the wavsule .ppropriately decorated ■ system of school edut t of School Comn short. In ""this body there wake and watch.and will; n turns ni\ hand, now hero. ■ who controls my 1 day long, and ither these particles Who bids thi btle law holdf t< on.-haiHS, with dilb, tbiswom.- all myself t!U;lu al.ove the Alleghs e state, and, out of a lew straggii thai tied, here [o New Knidaud lor coiiseien sake, built up this mighty, wealthy state : Was it Carver and Winthrop who did all hi than tho rules the ghty, w. Was it the ol mightiest men that owing what they did.laid the ir New England state ando iugland church ? Why, tho boys tnow better. It was the Eternal Gi ,w the pilgrim and the Pu n essayed to keep, i the procession and the day's observ- ices—the ord'of de'ed, which h. , tho ei,:ep ; and thus lof ii they may hi I his Cabinet ordered tationed at the Pa- a of the former, and tion on Pennsylvania, Maryland . for 10,000 militia for the debitor, the number appointed to or other, but 2,000 men. And vi'. further observed that when n forces made, near Bladens- stand again bin fifty miles of d have had a.—Is cabin 1 . struck. Saw that vhig the Capital i In reading the h too small and x ...i i ii.-.Tn which stood so d we were never a eotly on - round nothiuj sponsibility: When the requis though her govern! was a brother of Pi militia hail been made. He: led, the following fact, whic collected his quota, ' " r the - — ■ i reached, .ison, who ,, ami who need hi seareeh tl range. •ch for the 'scene of action Scareeiy. passed from On Culpepper, Madison, and other aljoi counties, from which it had been pri raised, before the slaves in all that which nobody knew, had suddenly spread everywhere a srful svated which i. an insurmountable barri f eolorphobia. wmpose, we fondly Tho procession, during tho ■ -^al streets, was en d and Clary's Boston i ''It ikroie.ii nod t,v the York Bra*-, of Hon. John A. d'the .tun.; > s called i, <Jeor;>;o Marshall, Augus- f the day we had assembled arrived on the coasl slaves of Virginia. thev had dish i. } give freedom ;th them, they ng them, ■pose, had tsly quitted v testing the least disposition to whites, began, in their joyful exci bodies, and prepare to go off to t a as the shape > aitoi cypres had taken, to General ide a temporary halt in the vicinity of the Potomac, froi" wbichit was upon the. point of moving on 1 Washington, and begged him to return wit rection of the slaves. This at once completely paralyzed the movements of Madisoa. the kitcln 'Defendant ■ith hotli h; uld. I ; before the blow- was struck both handt •ovdd. Did n .toiy ilroyiped iy as° hear defendant or cold blood, joke, and Other th such pro-slavery gusto aa thin The question of gradual emancipation, it with thi- relig good enough for talented upon the del l..v a bo.h aaracter will e urn in that oi nd thar tie- ia lu'snf ih.'is'i.a. aitucky. CasBius M. Clay, .n irieuils, whose talents and pad any similar number of any other State, has been stitutiou of Kentucky. Ono tit in such a cause, the wholo ,vo but one feeling, one voice; arty encouragement of every tial' liberty would p;reet tlis ,d of undaunted patriot ' of progress would be How is it with theso Whi| Whig th bland now fully, read tl rery laughable aitair. J. no I graph was stolen by an obscur. Worcester, (though marred in th. and was inserted, probably, for tl is system ? :iay. The this paper ltly thinki e of liberty,; ■ ■ ti hypoct- open, palpabl very, will Wh o themselves, by prot ' mt to liber will the good wealtl "-- posed, Messrs. Can hypocrisy go farther ? After all thes» jeu, palpable instances of devotion to sla- ery, will Wings stultify, not to say fors mwealth longer believe them ? month, day. Dante l Boone. ESOLimONS ADOPTED AT THE PEACE CONGRESS. Tho Congress of tho frionds of Universal eaee, assembled in London, July 22, 23 and >r the settlement of international disputes, ; a custom condemned aliko by Religion, Ibrality, Reason, and Humanity, and believ- ig that it is useful and necessary frequently nd Peoples to the evils of the War system, nd the desirableness and practicability of laintaining Permanent International Feaoe, 1. That it is tho special and solemn duty of all Ministors of Keligion, Instructors of Youth, and Conductors of the Public Press, employ their great influence in the diffu- ■ii of pacific principles and sentiments, and reditary animopitUk uid political and com- ■rcial jeidou^ies, which have been so often e cause of disastrous Wars. . question, on any principle of equity and die, it is the duty of Governments to refer X That tho : which the Gove each other, ind confidence, being a prolific , this Congress would earnestly mphatic condemnation of all 5. This Congress, believing that the ir, ention, by threatened or actual violence regul_at violat eltehi way S Don' shard i very violent bh.o mid. I n he struck the head of til he was taken off by the Officers.- blow thus dealt her.' ho lay These f-icts were not denied"; and the Court $50, which sum the Jldver- of that journal.0 iliar beauty of Shv But the Adver any "pny; ' that the ard for the wound inflicted upoi abor," a» theso terms are eonstru lesti and blood. But the idea faster" is the person to profit by ■aults upon a Fugitive has the loveltyat least.—.ilba.iy /,";■;. jou WHIC HYPOCRISY. die following from the Man of difl Free Soiler, that its principles are at lystem, and that the only ce between the Whig i did, notwithstanding tht te of political 1: Stare, in defiance of law and of the constitution, merely for tho oipression of his senti- As our papers had dwelt with suitable indignation upon the forcible liberation of Shad- rack, it might be supposed that such an open infraction of our groat bill of rights, by Soutlierners, would be as severely commented on. But the Boston Journal, a sheet and humanity, is only equalled by its satanic hypocrisy, narrated "the lynching in words G, This Congress recommend all the frienda of Peace to prepare public opinion, in their ation of on authoritative Code of luterna- 7. This Congress expresses its strong abhorrence of the system of aggression and violence practiced by so-called civilized nation* upon aboriginal and feeblo tribes, as leading nently unfavorable to tho true progress of ra- brings lii ■ i .lishmem of ie: that end. 9. That the meml all Constitutional Ci spectivo Parliament . representatives who ar« nho will be prepared to nber of men, employed af money expended for THE ANTI-SLAVERY MEETING. Totkt. Editor of the London. Inquirer.— I see nothing to alter in my last letter; and giving exclusive credence to their consurers, see practiced. As I am under the greatest obligations to Mr. Estlin, as one of my oldest and most valued friends, 1 prefer saving no more, than that I am quite assured that n» injustice or unkindness was meant in th* correction of the report, which, however, entirely misrepresents my real sentiments — There may bo anessontial difference between an antipathy and a prejudice; and between 3ijmpathiiin.il in a prejudice, which implies !';s;,'';";-,ir°!"" If any of my colovad brethren read thi* note, they may feel assured, that I am not likely in this land of liberty, where they ara I sympathy which I justly the objects , pride in telling sla* Douglass' fellow-suffer allov mv fri. :,July2 R. L. Cabpesieb. Hi.avcs Mascmitted.—A company o ml i i. .-...; —"S planter, ti wealthy planter, ~ Octibbehan Co., lati last week.—
|Subject||Antislavery movements -- United States ; African Americans -- History -- To 1863 ; Manuscripts, American ; Slavery -- Protest movements -- History ; Slavery--United States--Periodicals;|
|NY Heritage Topic||Government, Law & Politics|
|Location||Rochester (N.Y.) ; New York (State), Western|
|Publisher of Original||Frederick Douglass|
|Date of Original||1851-08-28|
|Physical Description||newspaper; 4 p.; 26 x 19 in. (66.04 x 48.26 cm.)|
|Format of Digital||image/tiff|
|Holding Institution||St. John Fisher College|
|Contact Information||Visit http://www.sjfc.edu/library/speccoll/specialcollections.dot|
|Digital Collection||Frederick Douglass' Paper;|
|Library Council||Rochester Regional Library Council|
|Rights||©Lavery Library, St. John Fisher College. Images may be reproduced for educational use only. Please see Special Collections and Archives Reproduction and Use Fees "http://www.sjfc.edu/library/about/policies/duplications.dot" for more information.|
»V v *
VOL. IV.—NO. 36.
ROCHESTER, N. Y„ THURSDAY, AUGUST 28, 1851.
WHOLE NO. 192.
FREDERICK DOUGLASS' PAPER.
and also for the „
' Thompson, Esq., M.
eof v., ■l.-.m
■i y much crowded on the oc-
Geoge Thompson, Esq., M.P.; Sir Francis
Xnowles, Ban.; the RevJJabe/ Burn?. P.M.:
and a numbei
, whirl, !„■
tfa . ■
ton, Esq., of Glasgow,
ir gentlemen, ardent
placed, thai lit; Celt almost
v, with Shakspearc, ".Mv
dered, was a groat exhibition.
while :K tin.: siimi- time it was a pleasurable
exhibit ion, and he was promt of the metropolis of England, which could call forth so en
sucli as the present.
,vith thai aboi,
Mr. William \
lad of late b
wery variety of subject, yet that the subject
they were called upon that evening to discuss
differed from them all. Many of those by
whom he was surrounded, like himself, had
•laverv and were in consequence exiled from
, ere fugitives
,nd they had 'not fled from a mon-
i from amongst a
people who declared, as a part of their creed,
o declared, i
.,11 were b
i the country. (Hi
tear.) He must not, however, forget t
one of the purposes for which they were i
to-night, was to commemorate the em
Parliament, and he might add in this c
with neeuliar emDhasis, of the British nati
enfranchised 800,000 West led
•laves, was an event sublirm "
comprehensive and mighty in
take effect <
and encouraging beyond the
1 and jui
the hearts of all e
tion. But the abolition of shivery ii
e= was a blow struck in the
dh'-tinri at that most inhuman of all tr
the slave trade—a trade which would i
chandiso; where there
-would bea supply; whore there
nup the the Niagara r