This scene depicts one of two known fortified villages in what is now Tompkins County. The painting illustrates daily village life among the Cayugas at a time when contact with whites was minimal, limited to brief encounters with explorers and missionaries. Some of these events are described in Norris book, "Early Explorers and Travelers in Tompkins County" (1961). Framed like a stage set, this detailed scene shows the activities of meat preparation and bow and arrow practice, under the towering White Pines of a forested landscape. This secluded site was missed by Dearborn's detachment from General Sullivan's army when they devastated other Cayuga villages in 1779.